This article needs additional gardena r70li pdf for verification. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Hangul is usually written horizontally, from left to right.
When written vertically, the writing system is top to bottom and often right to left, but sometimes top to bottom and left to right. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great. It is the official writing system of North Korea and South Korea.
The alphabet consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Its letters are grouped into syllabic blocks, vertically and horizontally. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an “alphabetic syllabary” by some linguists. Some linguists consider it the most logical writing system in the world, partly because the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker’s mouth when pronouncing each consonant. Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea. Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912.
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name also means “Korean script”. Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Reischauer system, is often capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. Until the early 20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja. Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal, Gugyeol and Gakpil.
The Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to read and write. A page from the Hunmin Jeong-eum Eonhae. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars. They believed Hanja was the only legitimate writing system.